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Poland
Codex Contact Point
Codex Contact Point for Poland, Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection, International Cooperation Department, 30 Wspólna Street, 00-930 Warsaw Tel: +48 22 623 29 04
E-mail: kodeks@ijhars.gov.pl
Website: http://www.ijhars.gov.pl
National legislation on food safety: FAOLEX

Competent authorities

Name of authority
1. Ministry of Health/ State Sanitary Inspection
2. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development / Veterinary Inspection
3. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development / State Health and Seed Inspection Service
4. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development / Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection
5. Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland/ Office of Competition and Consumer Protection/ Trade Inspection
Additional note: Aggregated detailed overview of Food Control System in Poland is available here: http://ec.europa.eu/food/audits-analysis/act_ getProfile.cfm?pdf_id=454
Mandate/competence
1. The State Sanitary Inspection (SSI) - http://gis.gov.pl/ - Within the Ministry of Health, the State Sanitary Inspection, under the Chief Sanitary Inspector, is responsible for controls on food of plant origin and shares responsibility with the Veterinary Inspection on certain controls on the food of animal origin. The Minister of Health is coordinator of the food safety in Poland. SSI carries out public health tasks by supervising diseases control, food and nutrition safety, environmental hygiene, health promotion and other issues related to public health. In particular it is responsible for fulfilling tasks as follows: official control of foodstuffs hygiene, pesticide residues in food, contaminants in food, import of food of non-animal origin, materials and articles intended to come into contact with food, food additives, GMO in food, food supplements and novel food, fortified food, food for special medical purposes, food intended for young children and infants, total diet replacement for weight control, nutrition and health claims, irradiation. Moreover the SSI carries out the national contact point for the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) established according to the EC General Food Law (regulation no 178/2002 of the EP and of the Council laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety) to exchange information with the European Commission and the EU Member States.
2. The tasks of the Veterinary Inspection - https://www.wetgiw.gov.pl/ - cover prevention of and fight against animal diseases and supervision of health aspects of foodstuffs of animal origin, and in particular: - examination of slaughtered animals and their meat, meat of game and other animals intended for human consumption, - border veterinary control, - supervision of safety of animal origin foodstuffs, including veterinary conditions of production, processing, storing, transporting and in limited scope the retail sale, - supervision of animals and animal origin products trade, - supervision of producing, marketing and using of feedingstuffs, - supervision of usage of pharmaceuticals and medical substances intended for animals, - control of the occurrences of chemical and biological, medicinal and radiation contamination residue in animal tissue, foodstuffs of animal origin and feedingstuffs, - supervision of health of animals intended for breeding and of health and quality aspects of biological material, - supervision of compliance with regulations on animal welfare, - control of compliance with rules for animal identification and registration, - diagnostic laboratory research conducted by veterinary hygiene institutions.
3. The main objectives of the Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service - http://piorin.gov.pl/ are: - control of plant health; - control and prevention of spreading of harmful organisms; - control of marketing and use of pesticides on the primary production level; - participation in the RASFF system.
4. Main tasks of Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection - http://www.ijhars.gov.pl/ - are related to ensuring fair practices in food trade including protection of consumers' interests in particular the prevention of fraudulent or deceptive practices, the adulteration of food and any other practices which may mislead the consumers. These main tasks are as follows: - Marketing quality control of agricultural and food products, at production and trading stage; - Supervision of organic farming; - Protection of regional and traditional products; - Cooperation with paying agencies in the scope of the - Common Agricultural Policy - control "ex-ante" and control "ex-post"; - Coordination of Polish cooperation with international organisations dealing with food and its marketing (including acting as FAO/WHO Codex Contact Point, UNECE WP7 Secretariat and the EU Food Fraud Contact Point for Poland).
5. In relation to food the Trade Inspection carries out: - control of products in retail food trade taking into account the labelling and misleading information to consumer, - control of legal compliance and reliability of operators engaged in business activities in the area of production, trade and services, - mediation in disputes between consumers and operators to protect consumer interests and rights, - consumer counselling.
INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point
INFOSAN Emergency contact point is located in the Chief Sanitary Inspectorate (State Sanitary Inspection) / Food Safety and Nutrition Department/ RASFF Unit

Food safety and consumer protection – laws and regulations

The current list of legislation, related to food safety and consumer protection in each country, is extracted from FAO's database on Food Legislation FAOLEX.
While FAOLEX makes every effort to serve as a high quality, reliable source of information, no guarantee is given that the information provided in FAOLEX is correct, complete, and up-to-date.

The national Codex programme

National Codex consultative mechanism
The Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection (AFQI), subsidiary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development acts as the FAO/WHO Codex Contact Point for Poland and performs its function according to the Codex Alimentarius Commission ”Procedural Manual” and the Decision of the Council of European Union of 11 November 2003 No 822/EC on the accession of the European Community to the Codex Alimentarius Commission. In this respect AFQI coordinates Polish cooperation and participation in work of the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission and its advisory bodies. Codex Contact Point (CCP) coordinates all national activities related to Codex work. CCP carries out consultations with Polish experts from governmental and non-governmental bodies including: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Health, official food control authorities, consumers and food industry associations, scientific and research institutes, universities and other interested parties. CCP coordinates participation of Polish delegates in Codex sessions and promotes Codex Alimentarius activities. The practical rules for the mechanism of national consultations including participation of Polish delegates in Codex meetings are described in the Procedure on Proceedings as regards the Codex Works at the National Level (elaborated by the Codex Contact Point for Poland). The procedure was consulted with all relevant official authorities as well as with non-governmental organisations interested in Codex and it is published at the Polish CCP website. The procedure is being currently revised. In general all Codex activities at the national level are coordinated and supervised by the Codex Contact Point for Poland. Additionally according to the abovementioned procedure for each of the Codex work areas there is appointed one governmental body (selected on the basis of the scope of its competences) which provides the expertise. The appointed authority is responsible for: - considering the Codex working documents distributed by the Codex Contact Point for Poland; - preparation of Polish comments to the working documents - representation of Poland to sessions of the respective Codex committees. Prior to each Codex meeting, where Polish representation is envisaged, detailed instruction for delegates is prepared with co-operation of all partners and when there is a need to discuss issues of special concerns for Poland, coordination meetings are being convened by the Codex Contact Point with representatives of all stakeholders concerned. Moreover Polish governmental experts take part in co-ordination meetings organised for the European Union Member States where Codex issues are discussed and the EU positions are prepared.
Providers of scientific and technical input to national consultation on Codex
According to the Decision of the Council of European Union of 11 November 2003 No 822/EC on the accession of the European Community to the Codex Alimentarius Commission, national comments are subject to consultation with all Member States of the European Union. In this respect Polish input to the Codex work have been submitted to the EU Council Secretariat and included in the EU comments. In 2016-2018 main stakeholders providing expertise to Codex documents were: - Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection; - Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development; - The National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene; - The Institute of Food and Nutrition; - West Pomeranian University of Technology; - National Association of Dairy Cooperatives. The main input has been provided to: in 2016: - Draft standards for pepper, thyme, kumin and proccessed cheese; - Questionnaires on date marking, food waste, national food control systems, emerging issues; in 2017: - Codex Strategic Plan 2020-2025, - Revision of the General Principles of Food Hygiene; - Draft Standard for oregano; in 2018: - Draft Guidelines for the Front of Pack Nutrition Labelling; - Revision of the Code of practice to minimize and contain foodborne antimicrobial resistance; - Questionnaire on the new works of the Codex Committee on Food Labelling; - Codex Strategic Plan 2020-2025.

Risk Assessments and Scientific Data

National bodies providing risk assessment and scientific advice
- European Food Safety Authority (EFSA); - The National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene; -The Institute of Food and Nutrition; -The Research Regional Laboratory for Genetically Modified Food in Tarnobrzeg; - Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology; - Voivodship Sanitary and Epidemiological Station in Warsaw - Reference Laboratory for Pesticide Residues; - National Veterinary Research Institute;
Risk assessment, risk profiles, scientific opinions
EFSA’s (European Food Safety Authority) opinions (available on EFSA’s website https://www.efsa.europa.eu/) Most of the scientific opinions related to point Q7 are available for the internal use.
Official Laboratory
1. Laboratory tests for official controls of food and food service in respect of food safety are carried out by 16 integrated accredited laboratories of the State Sanitary Inspectorate (SSI), which operate within an integrated system of laboratory tests for food. 2. List of official laboratories recognized by the Chief Veterinary Officer is published here: https://www.wetgiw.gov.pl/nadzor-weterynaryjny/ rejestry-i-wykazy-pracowni-i-laboratoriow 3. In the framework of the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service (SPHSIS) official surveys of pesticide residues at the level of primary production are carried out by following accredited laboratories: - Main Inspectorate of State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service Central Laboratory in Toruń, - Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Department of Pesticide Residue Research in Poznań; - Plant Protection Institute - National Research Institute, Pesticide Residue Laboratory in Białystok; - Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Sośnicowice Branch, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Research. - Institute of Horticulture, Food Safety Laboratory, Skierniewice. 4. Analyses of agricultural and food products are conducted in 5 official accredited laboratories of the Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection (AFQI) – Central Laboratory in Poznan and 4 specialised laboratories in Bialystok, Gdynia, Kielce and Lublin. More information is available at the AFQI website - https://ijhars.gov.pl/kontakt-laboratoria.html 5. Laboratory tests for the purpose of official controls of food carried out by Trade Inspection are conducted in 5 accredited laboratories in Katowice, Kielce, Olsztyn, Poznan and Warsaw.
2. List of official laboratories recognized by the Chief Veterinary Officer is published here: http://old.wetgiw.gov.pl/files/2059_Laboratoria% 20zatwierdzone%20przez%20Glownego %20Lekarza%20Weterynarii -%20czerwiec%202016.pdf
3. In the framework of the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service (SPHSIS) official surveys of pesticide residues at the level of primary production are carried out by following accredited laboratories: - Main Inspectorate of State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service Central Laboratory in Toruń, - Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Department of Pesticide Residue Research in Poznań; - Plant Protection Institute-National Research Institute, Pesticide Residue Laboratory in Białystok; - Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Sośnicowice Branch, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Research. - Institute of Horticulture, Food Safety Laboratory, Skierniewice.
4. Analyses of agricultural and food products are conducted in 5 official accredited laboratories of the Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection (AFQI) – Central Laboratory in Poznan and 4 specialised laboratories in Bialystok, Gdynia, Kielce and Lublin. More information is available at the AFQI website - http://www.ijhars.gov.pl/index.php/laboratories.html.
5. Laboratory tests for the purpose of official controls of food carried out by Trade Inspection are conducted in 6 accredited laboratories in Katowice, Kielce, Olsztyn, Poznan and Warsaw.
Official Competence
1. Official SSI’s laboratories test foods in the following scope: pesticide residues, metals harmful to health, nitrates, 3-MCPD and glycidyl fatty acid esters, microbiological contamination, mycotoxins, histamine, methanol hydrogen cyanide, ethyl carbamate, food additives, the parameters of the purity of food additives and extraction solvents, GMOs, radioactive contamination of food, foodstuffs treated with ionizing radiation, iodine salt, foods for medical purposes, food intended for young children and infants, total diet replacement for weight control and food supplements, fortified foods, materials and articles intended for contact with food, PAHs, furan, trans-fatty acids, acrylamide, mineral oils, fats for frying, tropane alkaloids, gluten, other parameters eg. organoleptic assessments, labelling, biological physical and contaminants. 2. The laboratories of Veterinary Inspection conduct microbiological, chemical, biochemical and physical testing of food of animal origin and feed. 3. Duties of (SPHSIS) laboratories: - determination of plant protection products residues in agricultural crops at primary production level; - phytosanitary analyses; 4. The laboratories of AFQI conduct biological, microbiological, chemical, biochemical, physical and sensory testing of agricultural and food products. 5. The laboratories of Trade Inspection conduct biological, chemical, biochemical, physical and sensory testing of agricultural and food products.
2. The laboratories of Veterinary Inspection conduct microbiological, chemical, biochemical and physical testing of food of animal origin and feed.
3. Duties of (SPHSIS) laboratories: - chemistry of food of plant origin and environmental chemistry; - determination of pesticide residues, by combined chromatography techniques GC/LC; - evaluation of own single and multi- analytical methods according to SANCO, EUROCHEM, CORESTA etc.; - estimation of dissipation kinetics of pesticides in field-treated crops; - human health risk assessment to pesticide residue exposure; - effect of food processing on pesticide residues.
4. The laboratories of AFQI conduct biological, microbiological, chemical, biochemical, physical and sensory testing of agricultural and food products.
5. The laboratories of Trade Inspection conduct biological, chemical, biochemical, physical and sensory testing of agricultural and food products.

Surveillance of foodborne diseases and monitoring of food contamination

National surveillance systems – foodborne disease in humans
Outbreaks of foodborne diseases are immediately notified at national level. Data on the number of cases of diseases (grouped by pathogen) that can be transmitted by food and water are published bi-weekly in bulletin which is available on the publicly accessible website of National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene: http://pzh.gov.pl. The foodborne infections surveillance is coordinated by the Epidemiological Department of the National Institute of Hygiene, which acts as the national surveillance centre for all statutorily notifiable infectious diseases.
National monitoring systems – foodborne hazards in the food chain
The State Sanitary Inspection carries out semi-annual and annual reporting system on the implementation of the sampling plan for testing food as part of official control and monitoring. These data are gathered at three levels: local, regional and central. At the local level, based on test results, the samples are registered as: not questioned (not disqualified) or questioned (disqualified). At the regional and central levels data are gathered and classified as follows: the number of all samples tested, within the official control system or under monitoring, by groups of products and areas or tests, and similar data for disqualified samples, which do not meet the requirements. The aforementioned data at the national level (central level) are gathered in accordance with the same criteria. These data are used to prepare annual reports sent to the European Commission and EFSA. Moreover the reports received from regional level are then sent to research institutes, which after a careful analysis of the results of official controls and monitoring of food, prepare a sampling plan for the next year.